In Majdanek, the largest mass killing in world war 2 took place, in terms of the number of people killed per day. During most of World War 2, Majdanek was said to have been a work camp. But a large number of Jewish and Polish people were shot to death in one operation : “Aktion Erntefest”.
This largest mass murder of World War 2 took place in camp Majdanek on November 3 in 1944 and is called “Aktion Erntefest” in history books. A 42,000 Jews were killed on November 3 and the next 2 days. On November 3 alone, between 16,000 and 18,000 Jews were killed. The victims had to dig their own mass grave, after which they were shot to death. Months later, their bodies were dug up again and all cremated, so as to hide the mass murder. No bodies were found after the war.
A mass murder of this size in a short time frame in a limited physical area, is not easy to organize logistically. But 42,000 are said to have died in “Aktion Erntefest”.
How many people really died here, is still a debate. The estimates of casualties vary greatly. Some sources say 1 million people died in Madjanek during World War 2. Other sources say it is certainly less than 100,000 people.